Infant CPR and Home Safety

PURPOSE:

Class participants will:

  • be able to recognize symptoms of infant distress
  • demonstrate the appropriate maneuvers to help an infant with a foreign body airway obstruction
  • explain how to treat an infant who is not breathing and/or is without a heartbeat by performing CPR
  • discuss ways to prevent injuries and how to use the Emergency Medical Services System (EMS)
  • Learn how to child proof their home

Infant Conscious Choking

  • 5 Steps Procedure:
    • 1) Hold infant facedown, supporting face and jaw, while sitting or kneeling with arm on lap/thigh
    • 2) 5 back slaps with heel of hand between infant's shoulder blades
    • 3) If object doesn't come out, turn infant over
    • 4) Give 5 chest thrusts, 2 fingers
    • 5) repeat 5 back slaps and 5 chest thrusts

Infant Unconscious Choking

  • 4 Steps Procedure:
    • 1) Look, Listen, and feel for breaths
    • 2) Cover the infant's mouth and nose with your mouth
    • 3) Give 5 chest thrusts
    • 4) Give 5 back slaps with heel of hand

Infant CPR

  • 5 Steps Procedure:
    • 1) Check for response
    • 2) Open airway, check breathing
    • 3) give 2 breaths, 30 compressions
    • 4) repeat sets
    • 5) if alone after 5 sets, call 911, resume CPR

Child Conscious Choking

  • 6 Steps Procedure:
    • 1) Confirm that victim is choking, inform that you will help
    • 2) kneel/stand behind victim and wrap arms around so hands are in front
    • 3) make fist with one hand
    • 4) put thumb side of fist above belly and below breastbone
    • 5) grasp fist with other hand and give quick, upward thrusts into belly
    • 6) give thrusts until object is forced out; victim can breathe, cough, speak, and responds

Child Unconscious Choking

  • 4 Steps Procedure:
    • 1) open airway, check breathing
    • 2) give 2 breaths
    • 3) 30 chest compressions
    • 4) repeat

Child CPR

  • 5 Steps Procedure:
    • 1) Check for response
    • 2) Open airway, check breathing
    • 3) give 2 breaths, 30 compressions
    • 4) repeat set

Given challenging situations to work through

Home Safety Preparation Video: Safety Starts at Home

  • General Recommendations
    • Fire Safety
    • Appliance Safety
    • Choking/Suffocation
    • Window Safety
    • Lead
    • Hazards in the air
    • Preparing for emergencies
  • Kitchen
  • Bathroom
  • Nursery/Baby Area
  • Living Area
  • Garage/Shed

Handout "What's wrong with the Picture?":

  • Participants will evaluate an infant's room and find situations that have the potential to be dangerous